Mark Nottingham, chairman of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) working group behind creating the standards, announced in a blog post that the HTTP 2.0 specifications have been formally approved. Now, the specifications will go through a last formality – Request for comment and editorial processes – before being published as a standard.
LARGEST CHANGE IN HTTP OVER LAST 16 YEARS
HTTP, or Hypertext Transfer Protocol, is one of the web standards familiar to most as the http:// at the beginning of a web address. HTTP protocol governs the connections between a user’s browser and the server hosting a website, invented by the father of the web Sir Tim Berners-Lee.
HTTP/2 is based on SPDY protocol, a protocol introduced by Google in 2009 and adopted by some technologies including Google’s own Chrome browser, Mozilla’s Firefox, Microsoft’s Internet Explorer, many websites such as Facebook, and some of the software that delivers Web pages to browsers.
HTTP/2 is simply an update to the protocol, but is really a huge deal because the last time the HTTP specification was updated back in 1999. This means the HTTP/2 will be the first major update to the HTTP standard over the last 16 years, marking the largest change since 1999 when HTTP 1.1 was adopted that underpins the World Wide Web as we know it today.
- BROWSE EVERYTHING FASTER
HTTP/2 won’t replace the traditional web standard what the world knows and loves, but it is expected to help websites load faster and more securely once it’s adopted a wide scale.
- PUSHES ENCRYPTION
HTTP 2.0 also brings another big change – Encryption. It was originally planned to push encryption technology called TLS (Transport Layer Security, formerly called SSL for Secure Sockets) in HTTP/2, but this was rejected because of inconvenience to certain network operators and proxy vendors by burdening them with new standards.
WHEN WILL YOU GET HTTP/2 ?
As the specification of the HTTP/2 standard is finalized and approved, after going through some editorial processes HTTP/2 will be published and ready for adoption.Well, to enjoy HTTP/2 on Internet depends on websites, hosting services and companies such as Google to implement the standard.
For its part, Google already announced that it will adopt HTTP/2 in Chrome by early 2016. Users can also expect Firefox to follow suit, as well. More information is available in the HTTP/2 FAQ.